Doc’s Wisdom

Doc’s put together a few tips – all important for you to know. Those who listen to her podcasts will probable recall some of the details from which these ‘nuggets’ of knowledge are based. She has put them under easy to gleam headings.  Stay healthy!


1. Be sure the scene is safe for you before you help in a medical emergency. You will make the situation worse if you are injured trying to help.

2. For many emergencies there is no dramatic cry for help. So be aware of those around you. If someone doesn’t look right (pale, trembling, weak), approach the person and ask if help is needed.

3.  It is best to apply cold compresses to bruises immediately and then intermittently for 24 hours. This will help stop the swelling. Never apply heat!

4. Wash cuts and scrapes immediately with soap and running water. Keep the site clean and apply a bandage if necessary.

5. Burn blisters should not be broken because they are protecting new skin that is growing underneath.

6. A misshapen limb is most likely broken. However, A limb can have a broken bone and still move and be used.

7. What happens if you are injured or ill and unable to speak for yourself? Make sure you carry on your person information on your allergies, medications, health history, organ donation wishes, and in case of emergency (ICE) phone number contact.

8. Poisoning is the second cause of accidental death in the US. Poison control / help centers offer free info 24/7— dial 800-222-1222 nationwide.

9. Do not use tourniquets to stop bleeding unless trained to. 

10. Carry a miniature copy of your latest electrocardiogram (ECG -also known as EKG) in your wallet. Ask your doctor for a copy of your ECG and then shrink it down, using a scanner, and then print the smaller version to keep in your wallet.



11. Your risk of getting a sexually transmitted disease (STD) begins the first time you have sex. STDs can lead to cancer and infertility in both sexes. Some STDs are not curable.

12.The sun is 80% stronger when reflected off sand or snow. Be sure to wear a sunblock that provides both UVA and UVB protection.



13.If you take high blood pressure medication you still have to limit the amount of sodium in your diet to 1500 mg or whatever amount your doctor recommends.

14. Use of over-the-counter (OTC) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDS) like Advil® will raise your blood pressure.   How much do you have to take? How much does it get raised? What about blood thinning? Not sure about this one

15. Too much ibuprofen, aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) can cause internal bleeding. Read the warnings on the packages and talk to your doctor before taking these medications on a regular basis.

16. Hide your painkillers where children can’t find them. Over 90% poisonings happen in the home; 12% occur from taking pain killers.



 17. Medical tests and radiation. Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRIs) = no radiation.  Computed Tomography Scans (CT Scans) = radiation. You decide.

18.  Diabetes is diagnosed and monitored with a lab test known as “Hemoglobin A1c” which measures how high your blood sugar levels have been over the last 120 days or so.  Why 120 days? Because that’s the average life-span of the red blood cells being tested.  True, but will people get connection between RBC and sugar?



19. Are you keeping an eye on your blood pressure (BP)? If your BP readings are typically on the high side, greater than 130/80, you should tell your health care provider.

20. Are you often thirsty? Do you drink a lot of water? Both may be signs of diabetes or high blood pressure. See your health care provider as soon as possible.

21. Dark urine and fatigue are early signs of dehydration. Dehydration happens BEFORE you get thirsty.

22. One in five Americans have allergies; some are seasonal allergies, others life-threatening. If you are at risk of a life-threatening allergic reaction, you should wear a medic alert bracelet and carry an epi pen.

23. Men over age 70 and women over 65 should get a bone density scan every two years IF they have risk factors for osteoporosis, a medical condition where bones become brittle and fragile.

24. Blood clots can be life threatening. Seek medical assistance if you develop warmth, redness, tenderness, pain, or swelling in an arm or leg .



25. Oxygen levels on airplanes may be too low for some people with lung or heart problems. How would you fare if you visited a high-altitude city like Denver? If you have difficulty breathing there you might have a problem while flying. Best to see your doctor before you fly if you have lung or heart problems .

26. Drink eight ounces of water for every hour you are in the air to avoid many complications.

27. Get up and walk every hour you are in flight. When seated, lift your heel up and down to squeeze your calf muscles. Doing this will help prevent blood clots, a life-threatening condition.

28. The number one cause of accidental death is car wrecks

29. Wear your seatbelt! Don’t text or talk on the phone! And never drive when you’re tired or intoxicated.



30. Toenails grow 1 mm per month a month; finger nails grow a bit faster at 2-3 mm  a month. Men’s’ nails grown faster than non-pregnant women’s’ nails. Yes, dominant hand nails grow faster than non-dominant hand nails!

31. Hives (red, itchy welts on your skin) can be caused by food allergies, drugs, viral infections, cold, exercise and strong (anger) emotions.

32.Wisdom teeth are removed to prevent infection, crowding of teeth and cyst formation!

33It is important to soak all your nail cuticle for 10 minutes with urea or lactic acid cream before trimming.



34Vitamin B12 and Folic Acid (Vitamin B9) are needed for body functioning and normal growth. A deficiency can result in anemia. Alcoholism, poor eating habits, and certain medications are just a few of the causes. Make sure your diet is rich in foods that contain these important vitamins, like liver and chicken, and take a vitamin supplement, as instructed by your health care provider.



35. You are responsible for your body, not your health care provider.

36. The number one cancer in USA is skin cancer; however the number one killer is lung cancer. Get regular skin checks. If you smoke, quit. Avoid exposure to second-hand smoke.

37. When you go, leave your organs behind. You won’t need them but someone else will!