No one disagrees that the dialogue on the pandemic is enormous. The challenges of misinformation and disinformation have been around long before the internet. Infodemic was coined in 2003. A tsunami of information hit us all. The current pandemic has generated so so much conversation and reveals. What is ‘IN’ today may be “OUT’ next week.
Does infodemic contribute to the mismatch of money spent on health care and life expectancy?
In the American public health has been a reality of the haves and have nots. health is a paramount concern in almost all civilizations. And in a country that spends 17.7% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on health care. Along with Japan and several European countries, Canada, Singapore, Australia, and New Zealand also boast high life expectancy rates.
If born in the US in 2019 life expectancy of 78.9 – while Canada has 82.4 with 11.5 % of GDP going to health care.
Do we overdue risk in the US? Is it ‘out of an abundance of caution’ that motivates our litigious society?
Our government has multiple ‘authoritative’ entities all working to ensure a certain level of health for citizens. One of the cabinet seats is for the Department of Health & Human Services. An entity Center for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) is dedicated to just with a budget of 6 billion. The Federal Drug Administration (FDA) has a budget is equivalent to $9.95 per American per year.
“We’re not just fighting an epidemic; we’re fighting an infodemic”, said WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus at the Munich Security Conference on Feb 15, 2021.
Yes, it became the wild west with everyone rushing research and sharing while publishing online with the caveat ‘without peer review’. This means a critical inspection by authoritative professionals in the field has not occurred. Almost all with the expressed intention of as rapid as a possible solution to tackle the newest viral threat – SARS CoV-2. But such papers can result in misuse of drugs, therapies, and prevention steps. Even the use of masks is a hot topic on the internet.
Social and conventional media have allowed information and perhaps more misinformation without updates or corrections to be propagated.
present in 10% world population
start early life
women 2 times more than men
Research states exercise can reduce anxiety events in individuals, but it is not known if exercise can deter this condition from starting.
A Swedish group of investigators published (Frontiers in Psychiatry) their findings after studying 400,000 long-distance cross country skiers (both men and women) from 1989-2010. They compared them to non-skiers during the same times period. They reported a “significantly lower risk” of developing anxiety in the long-distance skiers compared to non-skiers. The more physically active lifestyle individuals were at an almost 60% lower risk for starting with anxiety disorders. These findings were found in both sexes.
Interesting, especially me, was the finding that “highest performing female skiers had almost the double risk of developing anxiety disorders compared to the group which was physically active at a lower performance level.” But it was still lower than the development of anxiety disorder in the inactive women’s group. This was not seen in the men’s data analysis.
Likely exercise behaviors and anxiety symptoms are affected by personality traits, psychological factors, and of course genetics.
Questions arise is it long-distance skiing, is it skiing, being outdoors for protracted time, or is it the pure degree of exertion that factors? Will the association of exercise and anxiety vary by sport? Wither exerted indoor or outdoors matters?
More research for sure will follow, especially with a focus on youngsters. Nip this disorder in the bud, so to speak!
more info:Martina Svensson et al, Physical Activity Is Associated With Lower Long-Term Incidence of Anxiety in a Population-Based, Large-Scale Study, Frontiers in Psychiatry (2021). DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.714014
More than 175 million people worldwide have been infected after a year, and over 3.8 million people have died from the COVID-19 at this posting date.
Plenty of data for study and boy have researchers be mining the reports. A review of all publications that studied more than 100 patients for long covid symptoms revealed a slew (50) long-term effects from this viral illness. In total 15 studies were included for this systematic review. There were eight studies from Europe and UK, three from the USA, one each from Australia, China, Egypt, and Mexico. Adults ranging from 17 to 87 years of age were studied. After initially recovering, persistent symptoms can start after 14-110 days. Published August 9, 2021, in Scientific Reports
The review found the five most common symptoms noted were fatigue (58%), headache (44%), attention disorder (27%), hair loss (25%), and dyspnea (24%). It is estimated that up to 80% of recovered patients develop one or more long-term problems. If you have a mild case or severe case it appears from patient symptom tracking that weeks to months later abnormal signs or symptoms can appear.
The lasting effects, at any point in the illness, will not be known and so far can’t be predicted nor guessed. Even what term is used to refer to the condition is so different in the literature. Examples used include: long, post, persistent, chronic, ongoing, post-acute, ongoing.
An agreement must be arrived at, also what precisely defines the condition. In so doing all studies can become more valuable. Questions to be answered include does it just not totally go away? Does one recover totally then symptoms new or similar to illness occur? How do you or medical tests determine you totally recover? If you have a mild case or severe case it appears from patient symptom tracking that weeks to months later abnormal signs or symptoms can appear.
Compounding the inconsistencies within the medical community are all the social media postings by individuals who have ‘recovered’ or ‘not recovered’. Is a negative test equal recovery – end of? Presence of antibodies in your blood means recovery? No, we are not that naive, this virus starts things/processes within our body that can appear later after our antibodies have neutralized or blocked the SARS-CoV-2 virus. I believe this and that this virus is a trigger itself or our own defenses go a bit haywire. In each of us, it will be different.
Characteristically, ‘breakthrough’ infections (occurring in vaccinated individuals) result in mild to moderate symptoms or no symptoms at all. Remember most people recover from mild to moderate COVID-19 in a few weeks. ‘Long Covid’ is a baffling set of symptoms — brain fog, fatigue, and muscle pain are very much a possibility in ‘breakthrough’ cases.