A definite level of uncertainty surrounds this pandemic, will there be a new normal? a second wave? Sorry, I do not have the answers for you at this posting. but I will continue to share responsibly what is known.


  • recall a virus is RNA protein needs host DNA to be activated, the protein takes on two different conformations—one before it infects a host cell, and another during infection

  • Its genome is made up of about 30,000 base pairs. Humans, by comparison, have more than 3 billion

  • SARS-CoV-2 is the  virus that causes Coronavirus Disease 2019  (COVID-19)

  • the virus is 30 Kbytes of info, size is .1 microns

  • severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) caused by a coronavirus -SARS-CoV

  • patients with confirmed Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) have COMMONLY reportedly had mild to severe respiratory illness with symptoms such as Fever, Cough, Shortness of breath

  • however, some individuals only get gastrointestinal symptoms other heart symptoms even heart attacks. Neurologic symptoms as well which may include central nervous system (CNS) manifestations such as dizziness, headache, impaired consciousness, acute cerebrovascular disease, ataxia, or seizure; vision impairment, or nerve pain; and skeletal muscle injury manifestations.

  • peripheral nervous system manifestations such as taste and smell impairment, loss of smell were noted in up to 30% of cases in China, South Korea, Italy and Germany

  • Many people who get COVID-19 experience only mild illness. That is why antibody testing is so important on many fronts

I have published in The Journal of EMS with colleagues on the response to the pandemic, if you have a chance please read and let me know your thoughts. Thank you in advance.