An increasing trend to skipping breakfast (20-30% of adults) over recent decades correlates with the increase in obesity. It is unclear but is it the chicken or the egg paradox?

Skipping breakfast was associated with atherosclerotic buildup in a Spanish study*, with light breakfasts also tied to subclinical plaque formation. A balanced breakfast with nutrients and energy generating foodstuff will perhaps include eggs, yogurt, oatmeal, fruit, wheatgerm and caffeine. Again diets are tailored to individuals needs, restrictions and medical illnesses. It is best to eat a nutritious balanced breakfast before ten AM local time

Definition of a light breakfast (comprising 5% to 20% of daily calories), correlated with plaques in neck (carotid) and groin arteries.  A pattern follows if one skips breakfast is this unhealthy beginning have negative dietary effects for the rest of the day according to the authors. They also state it is a ‘marker for a general unhealthy diet or lifestyle, which in turn is associated with the development and progression of atherosclerosis.”

Note: Caffeine intake up to 400 mg/d is not associated with adverse health effects according to latest research.


*Source Reference: Uzhova I, et al “The importance of breakfast in atherosclerosis disease: insights from the PESA study” J Am Coll Cardiol 2017; DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2017.08.027.